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Unit tests for SCA components with adapters in 11g

2012-04-20 1 comment

The unit test framework for SCA components that comes with Oracle Fusion Middleware 11g has many serious limitations. It deals poorly with failures, reducing the types of tests that can be created. Today I ran into another really frustrating limitation, but luckily I managed to find an acceptable workaround. Share and enjoy.

The composite under test is dead simple. An inbound DB adapter triggers a Mediator. It calls another Mediator which in turn invokes an outbound DB adapter. Each input record creates a similar output record.

I created a unit test with a fixed input and an assert for the output step. It worked, but the DB adapter inserted the record. Not what I wanted, but easy to fix – just add an emulation for the adapter, right? No.

It is not possible to add emulations for DB adapters, the add button in jDeveloper is disabled. Most likely this applies for the other adapter types as well. When a test runs all the adapters will run, updating other systems. Not at all a good idea for a continuous integration setup where the tests run all the time.

As usual with SOA Suite the solution involves handcrafting generated code. Edit the WSDL file for the output adapter. Find the wsdl:operation element and copy the wsdl:input element to a wsdl:output element. Edit the unit test. It is now possible to define an emulation, as jDeveloper thinks that the adapter is a synchronous web service. When the test has been saved, restore the original WSDL file again.

The code is as it was originally generated, but the tests work as they should without side-effects.